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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

What is it?

Pelvic infection is caused by Sexually transmitted Infections such as Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea, and some other bacteria. These can work their way up through the neck of the womb (cervix) into other pelvic organs such as the fallopian tubes.

What are the symptoms?

The signs and symptoms can vary from mild pain to very acute or severe abdominal pain, and with this you may also experience some of the following:


  • Nausea.

  • Vaginal discharge.

  • Painful sex .

  • Irregular periods, spotting between periods.

What will it do to me?

If pelvic infection is not diagnosed properly and treated it may permanently damage the fallopian tubes, which can prevent eggs passing along them from the ovaries to the womb. This could cause problems getting pregnant in the future (infertility), or an ectopic pregnancy — when the pregnancy develops in the fallopian tubes outside the womb, which is a serious condition.

Where can I go?

If you are having abdominal pain, go to any Doctor, or your local GU Medicine/Sexual Health Clinic.

Can it be treated?

It is treated with antibiotics and in more severe cases, rest and painkillers may be necessary, even a stay in hospital.

Your sexual partner will also need to be treated.

Remember, you can treat the infection that is causing PID, but it may not be possible to treat the damage caused to the fallopian tubes, etc.

Always wearing a condom during sex will reduce the risk of becoming infected.

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